Day 1 :
Refining Hydrocarbon Technologies LLC, USA
Time : 10:05-10:45
Over 40 years’ experience in Engineering/ Consulting Management at senior level in Process Engineering, Technology, Business Development, Licensing, Acquisitions, Alliances and Project Management and Engineering, Operations Management and Process Engineering. Provided proven leadership and vision with broader perspectives and able to manage multiple tasks and personnel on mega projects.
Patents provide refiners and petrochemical plants innovations to enhance the performance of the units. Worked in all EU countries including UK, Germany, The Netherland. Major developments in Oil and gas business, downstream and petrochemicals technology, Catalysts, international alliance, licensing & contract negotiation, technology marketing, new technology commercial launch, partner relations. Dr Amarjit Bakshi has a Ph.D and also undergraduate degree both in Chemical Engineering from University of Surrey, Guildford, UK
In last 10 years major developments have changed the market where Middle East essentially Saudi Arabia was controlling the market. With the new developments in horizontal drilling and fracturing tight oil and gas formations have made major changes and USA has become exporter of oil and gas.
The prices have tumbled from 90+ dollars (which touched for a which to 147 dollars) to around 50 dollars per barrel (and touched below 30 dollars /barrel). This has happened due to onshore drilling in tight geological formations where one was able to recover gas and oil and with new technology of horizontal drilling one can recover oil/gas in 5 mile radius with one well which previously needed 20 wells. This provided at least better than breakeven economics around 40 to 50 dollars per barrel and gas is also very low cost and export of LNG from USA to Far East and Europe has started to meet the demand.
New developments provide much higher recovery of oil OOIP (original oil in place) and gas based on patent with moderate temperature and pressure CO2 and H2O2 in Classical EOR mode under critical conditions. Figure provides some information.
The future of oil and gas industry is going to be cyclic as before but there are some shifts taking place due to environment issues and new developments and growth in near term is going to be slow. Major issues are that diesel vehicles are being phased on coming years and electric cars and hybrid will take market share. So refinery operation will shrink due market place shift due to electric cars. The Oil and gas will move to petrochemicals and power production so shift will be there. Next 10 to 20 years will be challenging in developments in this area.
Director NS3E Laboratory, France
Keynote: Spray Flash Evaporation (SFE): A technique for breakthrough chemical engineering challenges
Time : 11:05-11:45
Dr. Habil. Denis SPITZER received his PHD in physical chemistry in 1993 at the University Louis Pasteur of Strasbourg. He is the founding and current Director of the NS3E Research Laboratory UMR 3208 ISL/CNRS/UNISTRA. He conducts research in continuous nanoscristallization processes of organic nanomaterials such as model medicaments and energetic materials. He is the inventor of the SFE process. He is the author of more than 150 publications and scientific reports. He received in 2013 the award of strategic thinking given by the French Homeland Minister, and more recently, in 2015, the « Grand Prix Lazare Carnot » award of the French Academy of Science, for dual use research.
The Spray Flash Evaporation (SFE) is a novel, innovative technique invented at the French-German research Institute of Saint-Louis (ISL). It permits to tailor and to engineer in a continuous way, organic, hybrid and inorganic nanomaterials in terms of particle sizes, crystallinity, structure and morphology from the laboratory scale to semi-industrial scale. It consists in the continuous spraying of a precursor (or a mixture of precursors), dissolved in an adapted solvent (or mixture of solvents) and heated at temperatures ranging from 130 °C to 160 °C at a pressure around 40 bar, followed by a rapid expansion through a hollow cone nozzle into an atomization chamber (20-50°C, 2-20 mbar. Due to the pressure difference, a very fast crystallization is induced, leading to the formation of nanoparticles, which are trapped by cyclones, filters or electrostatic precursors. This process allows the continuous nanocrystallizing (without any further thermal treatments) of organic, hybrid and inorganic crystallized pure compounds or nanocomposites. In the case of organic mixtures, depending on the kind of intermolecular interactions (Hydrogen bonds, π-π stacking, van der Waals interactions), the SFE technique is able to produce crystalline nanocomposites with dissociated or coupled compounds (core-shell), semi-amorphous or totally amorphous nanocomposites, and even, in the case of strong intermolecular interactions, nanococrystals. For example, in the latter case, different works showed the possibility to obtain nanococrystals such as Caffeine/Oxalic acid (2/1), Caffeine/Glutaric acid (1/1) and Resveratrol/4-aminobenzamid (1/1). The particle sizes, compared to them obtained by processes such as for example classical spray drying, are much smaller and are in this manner very important to enhance dissolution kinetics of drugs, additionally, to increase their bioavailability by the production of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API) based on very small nanococrystals. Elaborating new types of molecular mixtures is also an upcoming challenge of SFE.